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Introduced plant and animal pests can have a significant impact on our natural environment as well as being a general nuisance in our homes and gardens.

Over the years many foreign plants and animals have established themselves in Darwin. To protect the natural environment we monitor a range of introduced species and remove and manage their impact on local flora and fauna wherever possible.


Either they are domestic or feral, cats are known to be prolific and efficient hunters. They have caused the extinction of some ground-dwelling birds and small to medium-sized mammals. Domestic cats are predators that we have control over – so being a responsible cat owner can make a real difference to native wildlife.

Cats have even been listed as a key threatening process threatening the survival, abundance of native species by the federal government.

Read more on cats as threat to the survival of native species

Responsible cat ownership means:

  • de-sexing your cat
  • keeping the cat inside as much as possible
  • attaching a bell to its collar.

Cane Toads

Darwin is committed to addressing pest species such as cane toads to ensure the protection of native species and their habitats.

Find out more about cane toads


Weeds are a huge problem across our city and Australia. They often out compete native vegetation and increase the risk of fire, therefore reducing and controlling weeds on land that is managed by Council is a big part of our job. 61 weed species have been identified in the Darwin area, of most concern are Neem (Azadirachta indica), Coffee bush (Leucaena sp.) and Gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus) which are widespread and invasive.

We use a coordinated weed management approach based on our Weed Management Guidelines, to help ensure the protection, health and integrity of native bushland, parks, foreshores, wetlands and waterways.

Climate Change

Climate change is happening every day and affects a range of Council activities. Severe weather events, temperature increases, storm surge and sea level rise are threats to the way we live. We are moving towards becoming a more environmentally sustainable city and working to minimise the impacts of climate change on the Darwin community.


As Darwin grows as a tropical urban city, the increased population and the need for housing and other services puts pressure on natural ecosystems. Some species may learn to adapt such as the orange-footed scrubfowl (Megapodius reinwardt) commonly called a bush chook, but many other species haven’t fared so well and are threatened or have even become locally extinct. Darwin tries to balance the needs of the community and infrastructure with maintaining the environmental values.

orange-footed scrubfowl (Megapodius Reinwardt)

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